Bays and Estuaries
Bays and estuaries are common throughout Australia and offer great fishing for a wide variety of species that can often be found in large numbers.
When fishing bays and estuaries look for drop-offs, channels and weed beds as these areas will hold concentrations of fish. Whether you are drifting or anchored in a boat or fishing from the shore, these areas are great places to find a wide variety of fish species.
To improve your results and concentrate fish to your area, a fine continuous trail of berley such as chicken pellets, bread or small fish pieces will help to improve your results. Another tip to remember is to fish on a tide change as the fish feed more actively.
Australia has great beaches offering anglers a huge range of species to catch. Beach fishing can be a daunting affair when deciding where to fish, as a lot of areas donÕt hold or attract fish. What you need to look for is commonly known as a gutter. These run along various parts of the beach and are best distinguished by darker deep looking water, where the waves break on the ocean side of the gutter and usually don't break again until they are across the gutter and closer to shore.
Gutters vary in size, shape and the distance that they are offshore, the best possible way of finding one is from a high vantage point such as a sand dune, from here the gutters will stand out clearly. These gutters are where the fish will move into to feed and seek shelter. The best times to fish these areas is around dawn and dusk and or a run in tide, once again berley will improve your results.
Rock fishing offers the shore based angler the chance to catch many species of fish that would normally only be accessible to boat fishermen. This is especially so on headlands where migratory fish species travel up and down the coast.
When finding a suitable spot to fish look for areas where there is a section of wash or whitewater, this is a great area to find fish as they will gather in these areas waiting for food that has been washed off the rocks. It also provides cover to small baitfish in turn attracting larger pelagic predators.
All along the Australian coastline we have great reef systems that offer offshore boat anglers the opportunity to chase a whole variety of fish such as snapper, flathead and kingfish in the south through to coral trout, sweetlip and emperor in the north, to name just a few.
There are several methods used for fishing these deep offshore reefs with probably the most common being the traditional paternoster rig which is highly effective for drifting over the reef and sand patches. Another method that can be effective is to locate a patch of reef or a gravel bed and anchor up, them a berley trail can be established with the use of small pieces of fish and chook pellets. This is a great way to attract large wary species such as snapper and mulloway to your baits. For this style of fishing a floater or general running rig is best, although the size of sinker you need will depend on the tide and current, as you want your bait to sink to the bottom in a slow and natural manner.
Another great method is to put out a bobby cork rig with either a pilchard or live fish as bait, it is a great way of catching tuna, mackeral, kingfish and a host of other species.
Australian abounds with many lakes impoundments and rivers offering many fish species for anglers to catch with the most common being as follows.
Lure fishing is a great way of catching a whole range of fish species from trout to tuna and bream to barramundi, although there are any different styles of lures available they are all designed for a different use.
Minnow Style Lures
These are the lures that look like a small fish with a metal or plastic bib that protrudes from the bottom jaw of the lure, this is what gives the lure its action. Minnow lures come in a huge range of shapes and sizes aimed at catching a wide range of fish, they are ideal for nearly all trolling and casting purposes. eg; Barramundi, tuna, mackeral, flathead, bream, cod, trout, tailor and salmon.
Soft Plastic Lures
These lures catch a wide range of fish in fact almost every fish that will eat a hard lure will eat a soft plastic, this is especially so with species such as flathead. Soft plastic lures have several great features that make them stand out from other lures. The main ones being that with the lures being soft when a fish grabs the lure it feel natural so if it misses the hook on the first attempt it is more likely to try and eat the lure again.
Other great features of soft plastic lures include that when they are fished slowly the rubber tail/s will still have an enticing swimming action. The main advantage of being able to fish these lures slowly is that it means that you keep your lure in the strike zone for longer Fishing with these lures requires the angler to work the lure slowly back towards them with short sharp twitches of the rod tip allowing the lure to settle each time before another twitch of the rod tip is made. Soft plastics are also great for fishing around snags as their single hook doesnÕt become snagged in the timber as often as lures with trebles.
Designed to imitate baitfish these lures are ideal for fishing off the rocks and beaches as they are usually quite aerodynamic and heavy for their size which makes them ideal for casting long distances.
Swimming actions on metal lures vary from strong swaying actions through to little or no action at all. They are ideal for many species especially fast moving pelagic fish such as tailor, salmon, queenfish, mackeral and all tuna species just to name a few.
When using metal lures different retrieve speeds will appeal to different fish for example a slow to medium retrieve speed is very effective on tailor, trevally and salmon while a very fast retrieve is better for catching tuna, mackeral and queenfish.